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The History of Ultrasound: Part 3

The first physician to use ultrasound for medical imaging was Karl Dussik.

Karl Dussik
Karl Dussik (1908-1968) an Austrian Neurologist

Transducers were placed on both sides of a patient’s partly submerged head. The sound waves were transmitted at a known rate from one transducer to another transducer. The changes in the sound waves were recorded photographically on heat-sensitive paper, creating a representation of what was thought to be the patient’s brain ventricles.

Ultrasound

Although later experiments demonstrated that many of these echo variations were actually artifacts secondary to normal reflections and attenuations of the skull, this experiment was one of the earliest attempts to depict an organ in vivo.

Artifacts

Because of the limitations of the through-transmission technique, this imaging method was largely abandoned in the 1950s.

Abandoned

This technique was replaced by the more-traditional pulse-echo method of US imaging, in which the transducer both produces and receives the transmitted sound wave and its reflected echo.

Probe
Pulse-echo method!

And here it is, the infographic:

infographic

Full (and very interesting) article at:

Kaproth-Joslin et al. The History of US: From Bats and Boats to the Bedside and Beyond. Radiographics. Vol 35. May-June 2015: 960-70


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…and you can see more anatomical cartoons and comics [Here]. Want to read The History of US: Part 1? [Over here]

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