A Brief Illustrated History of Neuroscience: Introduction

A Brief Illustrated History of Neuroscience: Introduction


What is neuroscience?

This is a set of scientific and clinical disciplines that focus on the study and treatment of the nervous system and its disorders. They cover a broad spectrum and so it’s difficult to cover them all in their entirety.


To give examples, neuroanatomy studies the shape of the nervous system, neurophysiology examines its function, while neuropathology studies its microscopic composition.

Furthermore, we also have another set of scientific disciplines that analyse the function of the nervous system, but from a behavioural perspective (e.g. psychiatry, psychology and behavioral neurobiology).

We can also study the acquired diseases of the nervous system that can be treated from a medical point of view (neurology) or with surgery (neurosurgery). In addition, we can investigate the diseases that can be inherited from our parents (neurogenetics).


Our goal is to take you on a historical journey through neuroscience and explain, using medical illustration, how it has developed over thousands of years.

We hope you enjoy it!

Fernando & Luis

Fernando Martínez Benia – Neurosurgeon (@fermartneuro)

Luis Domitrovic – Neurosurgeon and Radiologist (@ladvic)

English Translation Proofreading: Alex Alamri – Neurosurgery Trainee (@AlexAlamri)

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Would you like to read more? [Here] is the first chapter of #BIHNC!

And you can see other cartoons and comics [here].

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